Colic in horses. Chemostasis: causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention
Hemostasis - stagnation of feed masses in large quantities in the intestine (thin section, bend of the duodenum and loop of the ileum and jejunum). This condition is accompanied by colic in horses.
Causes of horse chemostasis
- Excessive amount of rough dry food in the diet (corn stalks, dry grain, straw section, etc.)
- Foals have poorly chewed food and swallowing hair.
- The age of the horse.
- Diseases of the oral cavity.
- A rare drink.
- Irregular feeding.
- Excessive work.
- Long-term maintenance in the stall.
- Vegetative dystonia.
- Intestinal invasion.
Most often, adult horses fall ill.
The course of chemostasis in horses
Chyme stasis is associated with a weakened tone and delayed peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract and water resorption from the intestine. In this case, the mucous membranes are irritated, which leads to spastic contractions of the intestine, and this is the cause of paroxysmal pain (colic).
At the site of chyme delay, the mucous membrane becomes inflamed, and the epithelium undergoes dystrophy, necrosis.
Symptoms of horse chemostasis
- Chemostasis in a horse begins immediately after feeding or after a few hours.
- The horse suddenly stops eating, worries, falls to the ground.
- Defecation is absent.
- In the first 6 to 12 hours of chemostasis, the temperature is normal.
- Within 1 hour, a secondary acute expansion of the stomach develops.
- The rapidly increasing yellowness of the sclera and mucous membranes.
- Chemostasis begins a few hours after feeding.
- The disease lasts 1 to 2 days.
Treatment of horse chemostasis
- As soon as you notice the warning signs or symptoms of colic in a horse, immediately contact your veterinarian and strictly follow his instructions.
- Massage the abdomen.
- Harnessing a horse.
- Probing, gastric lavage.
- Laxatives are given only after softening and thoroughly liquefying the contents of the intestines.
- Intravenous - hypertonic solution of sodium chloride (500 ml), glucose 40% (1 l).
Prevention of horse chemostasis
- Regular feeding of the horse.
- Timely preventive deworming.
- Limitation of malnutrition, roughage in the diet.