The origin and history of the breed Jack Russell Terrier
The line of terriers that hunted along with a pack of hounds, went down a hole and drove foxes, was bred by a Devonshire priest more than a century ago, and part-time amateur hunter Jack Russell. In addition, he was an expert on terriers at shows in Western England, one of the first organizers of the English Dog Club in 1873, and co-author of the Fox Terrier standard. But he did not register dogs for his breeding and did not show at shows, considering them exclusively working.
In the photo: Jack Russell Terrier and Weimaraner
Ancestor Jack Russell Terriers, a bitch named Trump, is not very similar to modern representatives of the breed. She is small, light-boned, with a miniature head and stiff wool. Soon the monk's breeding terriers were known as the best burrow hunters and became known throughout the UK. He probably poured bull-and-terrier blood into them to make the victims even more angry. However, the stud books were never found.
In fact, Jack Russell Terrier until 1900 was a fox terrier of the old type. After the monk’s death, these dogs were called “working terriers,” and only in the 30s of the 20th century they were named after the creator of the breed. The hunters considered it permissible to cross their dogs with any breeds for their “improvement”, mainly with silihems, welsh corgi and lakelands. The result was the appearance of dogs of the most diverse appearance. Preferences were nevertheless given to dogs with short or stiff hair - clay and wet ground, which constricted movements, were less adherent to it. White color was also welcomed - it allowed not to confuse the dog that got out of the hole with the fox. But later, the practice of interbreeding was found to be ineffective, since the crossbreeds did not have a passion for hunting.
After a period of popularity in the mid-19th century, and after the death of Parson Jack Russell, this breed was almost forgotten for some time. However, in England there are still dogs whose breed purity is the same as during the life of their creator.
In 1975, the Russell Terriers Club was created, which approved the first (albeit unofficial) standard, which provided for two varieties: short-legged (up to 27 cm tall) and tall-legged (up to 37 cm tall).
In 1983, the Kennel Club registered the breed, but the standard was approved only for parson jack russell (leggy). The breed was finally recognized by the British (and then FCI) in January 1990.
The miniature variety was not successful with the judges. Fans of these dogs considered this fact unfair. Cynologists of Australia came to the rescue, who created the Australian Jack Russell Terrier Club in 1972 and founded the Stud Book. In 1991, the "kids" were recognized as Australia's main cynological organization - the National Cynological Council. It was from Australia that these dogs began a victorious march around the world. And in October 2001, FCI decided to divide the Parson Jack Russell Terrier breed into two separate breeds.
Now Jack Russell terriers - hunting dogs, farm, but mostly - companions. Owners of stables especially appreciate them - for the passion of jack russell to extermination of rodents.